Alpiniagalanga rhizome contains the flavonol galangin.
The rhizome contains an oil known as galangal, which upon fractional distillation produces cineol, pinene, and eugenol, among others. Alpinia galanga (galangal) is used as a culinary herb in the far East, especially in Indonesia and Thailand. It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. Its contents include 1,8-cineole, ?-fenchyl acetate, camphor, methyl cinnamate, and guaiol.